William W. HAMMOND 1
- Born: Abt 1845, MI 2
- Marriage (1): Lucy Rebecca DARLING on 20 Jul 1862 in Essex, Clinton Co. MI 1
- Died: 20 Oct 1864, Civil War; Marietta, GA about age 19 1
- Buried: National Cemetery, Marietta, GA 1
1860 MI CENSUS, Clinton Co, Essex Twp: William W. Hammond, 15, b. MI, was living with his parents Carnis and Mary Ann Hammond, both b. NY, and 7 other siblings who were all b. MI. (Listed on the same census page was the family of Watson Rolfe, 59, who was b. VT. Was he a brother of Lucy Darling's mother, Sophronia Rolf, who reportedly was b. VT?)
U.S. CIVIL WAR SOLDIER RECORDS & PROFILES:
Name: William W Hammond
Age at enlistment: 19
Enlistment Date: 25 Mar 1864
Rank at enlistment: Private
Enlistment Place: Essex, MI
State Served: Michigan
Survived the War?: No
Service Record: Enlisted in Company A, Michigan 23rd Infantry Regiment on 25 Mar 1864.
Mustered out on 20 Oct 1864 at Marietta, GA.
Birth Date: abt 1845
Sources: Record of Service of Michigan Volunteers 1861-65
AMERICAN CIVIL WAR REGIMENTS:
Regiment: 23rd Infantry Regiment Michigan
Date of Organization: 13 Sep 1862
Muster Date: 28 Jun 1865
Regiment State: Michigan
Regiment Type: Infantry
Regiment Number: 23rd
Officers Killed or Mortally Wounded: 3
Officers Died of Disease or Accident: 4
Enlisted Killed or Mortally Wounded: 70
Enlisted Died of Disease or Accident: 257
Regimental Soldiers and History: List of Soldiers
The Twenty-third was recruited in the Sixth congressional district, and was rendezvoused at Saginaw. It was mustered into service Sept. 13, 1862, with an enrollment of 983 officers and men.
The field, staff and line officers at organization were as follows:
Colonel, Marshall W. Chapin, Detroit. Lieutenant Colonel, Gilbert E. Pratt, Detroit. Major, Benjamin F. Fisher, East Saginaw. Surgeon, Louis W. Fasquelle, St. Johns. Assistant Surgeon, Gilbert H. Blaker, Houghton. Second Assistant Surgeon, Gilbert Bogart, Jr., Flint. Adjutant, Campbell Montgomery, Detroit. Quartermaster, Charles D. Little, Saginaw City. Chaplain, James S. Smart, Flint.
A. Captain, Oliver L. Spaulding, St. Johns. First Lieutenant, William Sickles, St. Johns. Second Lieutenant, James Travis, St. Johns.
B. Captain, Henry Woodruff, East Saginaw. First Lieutenant, Fayette Smith, Bridgeport. Second Lieutenant, William A. Lewis, East Saginaw.
C. Captain, Charles E. McAllister, Flint. First Lieutenant, George W. Buckingham, Flint. Second Lieutenant, William C. Stewart, Flint.
D. Captain, Benjamin W. Huston, Vassar. First Lieutenant, John Hamilton, Watrousville. Second Lieutenant, John G. Riggs, Millington.
E. Captain, Henry C. Norville, Saginaw City. First Lieutenant, John Earl, Harrisville. Second Lieutenant, Lester E. Cross, Saginaw City.
F. Captain, Henry S. Raymond, Bay City. First Lieutenant, Eben R. Ayers, Port Austin. Second Lieutenant, John S. McKinney, Portsmouth.
G. Captain, Henry Walbridge, St. Johns. First Lieutenant, Stephen J. Wright, St. Johns. Second Lieutenant, Alonzo O. Hunt, St. Johns.
H. Captain, John Carland, Caledonia. First Lieutenant, Benjamin F. Briscoe, Caledonia. Second Lieutenant, Marvin Miller, Corunna.
I. Captain, Carlos D. Sheldon, Houghton. First Lieutenant, Graham Pope, Houghton. Second Lieutenant, William H. Patterson, Houghton.
K. Captain, Damon Stewart, Flint. First Lieutenant, Samuel C. Randall, Flint. Second Lieutenant, John Rea, Flint.
The regiment left Saginaw the 18th of September, and proceeded to Kentucky, where it was assigned to the army commanded by General Rosecrans.
The Twenty-third was at Bowling Green, Ky., also at Carthage, Glasgow and Thompkinsville during the winter, and in July, 1863, started on a long march after the confederate General John Morgan, and during this campaign was at Louisville, Ky., Jeffersonville, Ind., Cincinnati, Portsmouth and Chillicothe, Ohio, and then returned to Paris, Ky. It was assigned to the Second Brigade, Second Division, Twentieth Corps Army of the Ohio, and started, in August, on the East Tennessee campaign, and arrived at Knoxville Sept. 15. After a march through East Tennessee, the regiment returned to Knoxville, and was stationed at Loudon to intercept General Longstreet's advance. It came in contact with the confederates, who were marching upon Knoxville, and heavy skirmishing commenced at once. The enemy attacked vigorously, and the Union lines were slowly driven back, making an obstinate defense of every foot of ground yielded.
At Campbell's Station, a few miles west of Knoxville, a battle was fought with Longstreet's forces, in which the Twenty-third lost heavily in killed and wounded. The weather was cold and rainy, the roads almost impassable on account of deep mud, and the troops were but poorly supplied with rations, and great suffering was caused by a lack of tents, clothing, boots and shoes. The Twenty-third acted as rear guard while the corps was retiring upon Knoxville, and received special commendation for its efficient work under the most trying circumstances.
The regiment was actively engaged in the defense of Knoxville, and when General Longstreet swept around the city and marched into East Tennessee, the Twenty-third was one of the regiments that followed him, but when General Grant decided to allow the confederates to remain in Tennessee during the winter, the Twenty-third returned to Knoxville, almost destitute of equipments in the way of tents, blankets and clothing.
The regiment shared the hardships of the East Tennessee campaign until May, 1864, when it started upon the Atlanta campaign with the army commanded by General Sherman. After an encounter with the enemy at Rocky Face Ridge, it moved through Snake Creek Gap and made a desperate assault upon the enemy's works at Resaca, Ga., meeting with a loss of sixty killed and wounded in a few minutes.
The Twenty-third took part in the various movements of the Twenty-third Corps, frequently coming in contact with the enemy at Lost Mountain, Kenesaw Mountain, Chattahoochee River and Siege of Atlanta.
After the fall of Atlanta the Twenty-third was sent in pursuit of the confederate General Hood, who marched his army through Georgia and Alabama to Nashville, Tenn. During this march it retraced its steps over a portion of the ground it had occupied on the march to Atlanta. It reached Columbia on the 25th of November, where it joined the Union forces to oppose the further advance of General Hood. At Duck River the regiment skirmished heavily with the enemy, and fell back to Franklin, where a desperate battle was fought, the confederates charging upon the works hastily thrown up, and were repelled by a hand-to-hand conflict. The obstinate resistance offered by the Union forces delayed the march of General Hood so General Thomas, at Nashville, could organize his troops for the final struggle before that city. Probably there was no more desperate fighting in any battle of the war than at Franklin, Tenn., and the Twenty-third was in the line when the fighting was fiercest. The Union forces fell back to Nashville, and on Dec. 15 and 16 the Twenty-third, with the army under General Thomas, in a two days' battle, completely defeating the confederates under General Hood, and drove them back in utter rout to Duck River.
During the battle the Twenty-third charged the enemy, securely placed behind a stone wall on the crest of a hill, demoralizing the confederates and taking more prisoners than there were men in the Twenty-third.
The crushing of General Hood by General Thomas relieved the western department from immediate attack by the enemy, and the Twenty-third Corps was ordered to Washington, D. C., to cooperate with General Sherman's army, then marching north through the Carolinas. The Twenty-third, with its corps, was embarked at Alexandria, Va., on transports, and proceeded to the mouth of Cape Fear River. At Smithville, S. C., the regiment was disembarked, and participated in the attack upon Fort Anderson, carrying the works in gallant style, the Twenty-third being the first regiment to enter the fort.
The regiment marched to Wilmington, N. C., and upon the evacuation of that place by the confederates, the Twenty-third proceeded to Kingston, and then to Goldsboro, where it arrived March 22, making a junction with General Sherman's army, which arrived the next day.
The Twenty-third marched to Raleigh, N. C., and then started for Greensboro, N. C., ninety miles distant, where General Johnson surrendered his army to General Sherman.
The Twenty-third was at Salisbury, N. C., June 28, at which date it was mustered out of service, and returned to Detroit, Mich., where it was paid off and disbanded July 20. 1865.
The regiment during service had met the enemy at Paris, Ky., July 29, 1863; Huff's Ferry, Tenn., Nov. 12, 1863; Campbell's Station, Tenn., Nov. 16, 1863; siege of Knoxville, Tenn., Nov. 17, to Dec. 5, 1863; Dandridge, Tenn., Jan. 14, 1864; Strawberry Plains, Tenn., Jan. 22, 1864; Rocky Face, Ga., May 8, 1864; Resaca, Ga., May 14, 1864; Etowah River, Ga., May 22, 1864; Dallas, Ga., May 27, 1864; New Hope Church, Ga., June 1, 1864; Lost Mountain, Ga., June 17, 1864; Kenesaw Ga., June 27 1864; Chattahoochee River, Ga., July 5 and 6, 1864; siege of Atlanta, Ga., July 22 to Aug. 25, 1864; Lovejoy's Station, Ga., Aug. 31, 1864; Columbia, Tenn., Nov. 25, 1864; Duck River, Tenn., Nov 28, 1864; Spring Hill, Tenn., Nov. 29, 1864; Franklin, Nov. 30, 1864; Nashville, Tenn., Dec. 12 to 16, 1864; Fort Anderson, N. C., Feb. 18, 1865; Town Creek, N. C., Feb. 20, 1865; Wilmington, N. C., Feb. 21, 1865; Goldsboro, N. C., March 22, 1865.
Killed in action.....................................38
Died of wounds.......................................21
Died in Confederate prisons..........................15
Died of disease.....................................214
Discharged for disability (wounds and disease)......150
Fought on 13 Oct 1862 at Shelbyville, TN.
Fought on 29 Nov 1862 at Franklin, TN.
Fought on 18 Jan 1863 at Dandridge, TN.
Fought on 10 Nov 1863 at Lenoir, TN.
Fought on 15 Nov 1863 at Campbell's Station, TN.
Fought on 16 Nov 1863 at Lenoir Station, TN.
Fought on 16 Nov 1863 at Lenoir, TN.
Fought on 16 Nov 1863 at Campbell's Station, TN.
Fought on 16 Nov 1863 at Knoxville, TN.
Fought on 7 Dec 1863 at Knoxville, TN.
Fought on 8 Dec 1863 at Knoxville, TN.
Fought on 11 Dec 1863 at Buffalo Creek, TN.
Fought on 15 Dec 1863 at Knoxville, TN.
Fought on 15 Dec 1863 at Cumberland Gap, TN.
Fought on 18 Jan 1864 at Dandridge, TN.
Fought on 22 Jan 1864 at Strawberry Plains, TN.
Fought on 22 Jan 1864 at Near Strawberry Plains, TN.
Fought on 27 Jan 1864 at Knoxville, TN.
Fought on 12 Feb 1864 at Near Love's Creek, TN.
Fought on 14 Feb 1864.
Fought on 18 Feb 1864.
Fought on 24 Feb 1864.
Fought on 1 May 1864.
Fought on 11 May 1864 at Rocky Face Ridge, GA.
Fought on 14 May 1864 at Resaca, GA.
Fought on 15 May 1864 at Resaca, GA.
Fought on 15 May 1864 at Dallas, GA.
Fought on 15 May 1864.
Fought on 16 May 1864.
Fought on 23 May 1864 at Cassville, GA.
Fought on 24 May 1864 at Cassville, GA.
Fought on 24 May 1864 at Allatoona, GA.
Fought on 24 May 1864.
Fought on 27 May 1864 at Dallas, GA.
Fought on 27 May 1864 at Burnt Hickory, GA.
Fought on 27 May 1864.
Fought on 28 May 1864 at Dallas, GA.
Fought on 2 Jun 1864 at New Hope Church, GA.
Fought on 2 Jun 1864 at Eutaw Creek, GA.
Fought on 9 Jun 1864.
Fought on 16 Jun 1864.
Fought on 25 Jun 1864 at Marietta, GA.
Fought on 27 Jun 1864 at New Hope Church, GA.
Fought on 27 Jun 1864 at Marietta, GA.
Fought on 27 Jun 1864 at Kenesaw Mountain, GA.
Fought on 17 Aug 1864 at Marietta, GA.
Fought on 7 Sep 1864.
Fought on 18 Sep 1864 at Stone Mountain, GA.
Fought on 19 Sep 1864 at Decatur, GA.
Fought on 23 Sep 1864.
Fought on 25 Sep 1864 at Stone Mountain, GA.
Fought on 4 Oct 1864.
Fought on 27 Oct 1864 at Cedar Bluff.
Fought on 26 Nov 1864 at Columbia, TN.
Fought on 29 Nov 1864 at Nashville, TN.
Fought on 30 Nov 1864 at Franklin, TN.
Fought on 15 Dec 1864 at Nashville, TN.
Fought on 18 Feb 1865 at Fort Anderson, NC.
Fought on 20 Feb 1865 at Town Creek, NC.
Fought on 3 Apr 1865.
Fought on 15 Apr 1865.
CIVIL WAR: He served in the 23rd MI Infantry, Comp. A and died of typhoid fever in Marietta, GA. He was buried at the National Cemetery in Marietta, GA.
INFO FROM RANDY HAMMOND: William Hammond was one of the original burials in the National Cemetery at Marietta, GA. He is buried in Section G, grave # 8227.
William married Lucy Rebecca DARLING, daughter of John DARLING and Sophrenia ROLF, on 20 Jul 1862 in Essex, Clinton Co. MI.1 (Lucy Rebecca DARLING was born on 17 Aug 1839 in Otto, Cattaraugus Co, NY,3 died on 23 Sep 1927 in Alta Vista, Chickasaw Co, IA 3 and was buried on 25 Sep 1927 in Union Cemetery, Alta Vista, Chickasaw Co, IA 3.)