John Gilmore HARTMAN
- Born: 22 Aug 1849, OH 1
- Marriage (1): Katherine Jane WICKHAM on 28 Mar 1873 in Clay Twp, Hardin Co, IA
- Died: 11 Dec 1925, Hardin Co, IA at age 76 1
- Buried: Union Cem, Iowa Falls, Hardin Co, IA 1
1950 OH CENSUS, Muskingum Co, Rich Hill Twp: James G. Hartman, 1, b. OH was listed with his parents Jacob & Sarah Hartman, both b. VA, and siblings.
AMERICAN CIVIL WAR SOLDIERS:
Name: John Hartman
Enlistment Date: 6 Jan 1864
Side Served: Union
State Served: Ohio
Service Record: Enlisted as a Private on 6 January 1864 at the age of 18.
Enlisted in Company G, 18th Infantry Regiment Ohio on 6 Jan 1864.
Discharged from Company G, 18th Infantry Regiment Ohio on 17 Jun 1865.
AMERICAN CIVIL WAR REGIMENTS:
REGIMENT: 18th Infantry Regiment Ohio
Date of Organization: 1 Sep 1861
Muster Date: 9 Nov 1864
Regiment State: Ohio
Regiment Type: Infantry
Regiment Number: 18th
Enlisted Died of Disease or Accident: 4
Officers Died of Disease or Accident: 1
Enlisted Killed or Mortally Wounded: 72
Enlisted Died of Disease or Accident: 107
Regimental Soldiers and History: List of Soldiers
OHIO EIGHTEENTH INFANTRY (Three Years)
Eighteenth Infantry. - (Three Years' Service.) Cols., Timothy R. Stanley, Charles H. Grosvenor; ; Lieut.-Cols., Josiah Given, John M. Benedict; Majs., Johnson M. Welch, Robert Chappell. This regiment was organized at Athens, from Aug. 16 to Sept. 28, 1861, to serve for three years. It was mustered out Nov. 9, 1864, by reason of expiration of term of service, and the veterans and recruits consolidated with the veterans and recruits of the 35th Ohio infantry, the consolidated force being designated the 18th Veteran Ohio infantry.
The 18th veteran regiment was organized Oct. 31, 1864, by consolidation of the veterans and recruits of the 1st, 2nd, 18th, 24th and 35th Ohio infantry. The regiment, 930 strong, moved into Kentucky and saw its first service in the occupation of Bowling Green. It next participated in similar proceeding at Huntsville, Ala. At Bridgeport the regiment was attacked by Scott's Confederate cavalry, 600 strong with 3 pieces of artillery, yet the enemy was held in check for 3 hours. At Limestone bridge a spirited fight occurred, in which the regiment lost 3 killed and several wounded.
On Aug. 29 1862, Cos. A and I of the 18th Ohio, and D of the 9th Mich., were attacked at a stockade near Manchester, Tenn., by Forrest, but the Confederates were soon repulsed, losing about 100 men, without the loss of a man on the Federal side. At a critical moment at the battle of Stone's river, the regiment charged into the woods filled with Confederates and checked their advance. Upon the second day of the fight Gen. Rousseau ordered Col. Stanley to take his brigade across the stream. It was a fearful thing to do, but the order was executed. An order to charge was given and the enemy flew panic-stricken, leaving 4 pieces of artillery.
In June the regiment accompanied the advance on Tullahoma and on Sept. 11, at Dug gap, it confronted Bragg's army. It went gallantly through the battle of Chickamauga, making several brilliant charges. After the reorganization the command was got together in time for the battle of Nashville, in which it rendered signal service and took part in the bloody and finally successful assault upon Overton hill. It lost 4 officers out of 7 and 75 men killed and wounded out of less than 200. Attached to Gen. Steedman's command, the 18th followed Hood's defeated forces to Huntsville, and two days later assisted in the capture of Decatur.
The summer of 1865 found the regiment stationed at Augusta, Ga., until Oct. 9, when the order for muster out came and in a few days the regiment was on its way to Columbus, Ohio, where on Oct. 22, 1865, the men scattered to their homes.
Source: The Union Army, vol. 2
Stone's River after battle report:
Report of Lieut. Col. Josiah Given, Eighteenth Ohio Infantry.
HDQRS. EIGHTEENTH REGT. OHIO VOLUNTEER INFANTRY,
Before Murfreesborough, January 4, 1863.
I have the honor to report that on December 30 the Eighteenth Ohio Volunteers, under my command, with Capt. A. Fenton, acting major, and Lieut. A. W. S. Minear, adjutant, took position with the reserve on the left of the center wing.
At 1 p.m., under your orders, I took position in the woods to the west of the Wilson pike, joining with the left of the right wing. At the instance of the commander of the left flank regiment of the right wing, I relieved three of his companies, then deployed as skirmishers and engaging the enemy. My skirmishers soon started the enemy, and would have cleared the woods but for an order received from the right not to advance our part of the line; whereupon I fell back to the first position, preserving an alignment with my right. At 5 p.m. I was relieved by the Eleventh Michigan, and I moved to the rear, where I remained all night.
On the morning of the 31st I again took position with the reserve, but was soon ordered forward to support the battery. At --a.m. I was ordered to take position in rear of the position and fronting to the rear, it having been discovered that the enemy had turned our right. No enemy appearing at that point, I was ordered to take position again on the hill to support the battery. I found the battery men much endangered by the enemy's skirmishers to the right. I deployed a company and soon removed them.
I was then ordered to take position in the woods on the left, the enemy having made his appearance in that direction. When moving to that position, a very considerable consternation was observed among our forces, many of the regiments moving to the rear. Observing that a regiment still held the position, I moved rapidly to its rear; that regiment was lying down, so that my men were enabled to remain in their rear and engage in the firing. This position was rendered necessary, other regiments having moved into the only available position on the right and left. By the combined efforts of the forces there, the enemy was driven from the woods, but very soon a piece of artillery was brought into position against us. I hastened to where our battery was, to ask that it might be brought to bear against the enemy's piece that was then doing fearful havoc among our ranks. I learned that for want of ammunition none of our pieces were available. In the midst of this terrible fire I received your order to fall back, which I did, my men preserving perfect order.
During this engagement Capt. A. Fenton, who was acting major, and whose services proved of inestimable value, fell, wounded, and was placed on a horse and started to the rear; since that nothing has been heard of him, and I have reason to fear that he has fallen into the enemy's hands. After falling back, as ordered, to the point near the Nashville pike, I received your order to take a position in line with the Nineteenth Illinois, and in rear of a line formed, as I understood, by a part of Gen. Rousseau's command. We had scarcely taken our position when the enemy engaged the first from the enemy. Anticipating the movement, I caused my men to lie down, and cautioned them to hold their fire until the enemy closed on the. The first line passed over my men, closely followed by the enemy. My men, observing well the caution I had given, poured a well-directed fire into the enemy, which checked them; but soon their second line pressed upon me, when I, with the rest of the line, fell back.
Immediately on the appearance of the enemy, the Nineteenth Illinois was moved to another position on his flank, so that no other regiment remained on the line with me. I moved to the rear gradually, returning the enemy's fire, until I found myself on open ground, when I ordered my men to move double-quick to a point covered from the enemy's fire, where I rallied my men and reformed my ranks, which has become somewhat broken in the retreat.
Just as I had accomplished this, Gen. Rousseau ordered me to charge the woods again, encouraging the men to charge by taking the lead in person. The men, already breathless from fatigue, approached the close woods, but slowly, yet in perfect order, notwithstanding the enemy from the cover of the woods met us with a withering fire. My men bravely charged upon the hidden enemy and drove them back into the woods, where they held them at bay for some twenty minutes. Seeing that I was unsupported, and standing against a much stronger force, and that some 50 of my command had already fallen, I ordered a retreat, returning to the same place from which I had started under Gen. Rousseau's order.
In this engagement Capt. P. E. Taylor fell, mortally wounded; also Lieut. Minear, adjutant, fell, severely wounded. I was then, with the balance of the brigade, withdrawn from the field for that day.
My command was not actually engaged again until the afternoon of the 2d instant. I took position in rear of the battery in our center about 4 o'clock, when the enemy appeared to our left. I was ordered by Gen. Negley to move to the support of the battery on the left, and to take covering behind the buildings near the position. When I arrived there, I saw the enemy's columns advancing under cover of the woods to our left, the head of his column almost to the creek. I immediately deployed my column and moved my line forward to a fence, from which my men sent a well-directed fire against the enemy.
At this point Capt. J. M. Welch, who was acting major, was carried from the field, severely wounded; also Sergt. L. D. Carter, aiding me as adjutant. Seeing that our fire brough the enemy to a halt, and that our forces were advancing, I ordered my men forward across the stream, which was promptly under execution when I discovered the enemy moving on our right in the woods in heavy force, evidently intending to attack us on our flank. I immediately ordered a halt, and rallied my men who had not already crossed the stream, leaving those who had crossed, as I supposed, to the command of Capt. Welch, of whose wounds I was not informed. I rallied my men, getting many men from other regiments, and moved toward the woods on the right. Finding my ranks very imperfectly formed, I called a halt to allow the men a moment's rest, and to prepare my ranks for a change bayonet. Just as I halted, a regiment arrived in my rear and passed on. Just then I received an order from Gen. Palmer to move forward, which I did, taking position on the right of the other regiment. The line soon pressed the enemy back, discovering which I moved my line forward; but finding that the other regiment did not advance, I caused my bugler to sound a retreat, so as to align my forces with the other regiment. Just as the line was moving to the rear, a man on the right called out, "They are flanking us from the woods on the right." This caused some of the men to retreat hastily. I hastened to the open ground, from which I saw that the report was false, when I rallied those that had fled, and returned to the woods again. We continued to reply to the enemy's fire until darkness set in, when I withdrew, other forces having arrived to hold the ground.
In this charge Capt. George Stivers, a most valuable officer, fell, mortally wounded. The behavior of all my officers in these various engagements was such as that I may only say every one did all that he could, or that any one in his position could have done, and as to my men, I can praise no one above another. All did well alike, except three or four cowards, who deserted their posts and went back to Nashville.
I hereto append a list of our loss.*
Your obedient servant,
Lieut.-Col., Comdg. Eighteenth Ohio Volunteer Infantry.
Col. T. R. STANLEY,
Cmdg. Twenty-ninth Brigade.
Source: Official Records
Battles Fought by 18th OH Infantry:
Fought on 15 Feb 1862 at Bowling Green, KY.
Fought on 1 May 1862 at Limestone Station, TN.
Fought on 1 May 1862 at Pulaski, TN.
Fought on 1 May 1862 at Athens, AL.
Fought on 1 May 1862 at Limestone Bridge, AL.
Fought on 6 Dec 1862 at Nashville, TN.
Fought on 29 Dec 1862 at Stewart's Creek, TN.
Fought on 31 Dec 1862 at Stones River, TN.
Fought on 1 Jan 1863 at Stones River, TN.
Fought on 2 Jan 1863 at Stones River, TN.
Fought on 11 Sep 1863 at Dug Gap, GA.
Fought on 11 Sep 1863 at Davis' Cross Roads, GA.
Fought on 19 Sep 1863 at Chickamauga, GA.
Fought on 20 Sep 1863 at Chickamauga, GA.
Fought on 21 Sep 1863 at Rossville, GA.
Fought on 9 Oct 1864.
Fought on 14 Dec 1864 at Nashville, TN.
Fought on 15 Dec 1864 at Nashville, TN.
Fought on 16 Dec 1864 at Nashville, TN.
Fought on 19 Dec 1864 at Triune, TN.
Fought on 19 Dec 1864 at Nashville, TN.
1920 IA CENSUS, Hardin Co, Iowa Falls city: John G. Hartman, 70, wd, b. OH, no occupation. Living with him were his daughter Jessie, her husband and a boarder.
1925 IA STATE CENSUS, Hardin Co.: John G. Hartman (Hardman?), 75, 7th grade education, b. OH, father; Jacob(?) Hartman who was b. WV; mother: Sarah Jeffers who was b. VA and married VA, engaged in agriculture, Methodist: wife Fannie Hartman, 63, 12th grade education, b. IA. father: Sidney Staden(?) who was b. England; mother: Harriet Pacock(?) who was b. OH and married IA, Episcopalian.
ALL 48 HARDIN CO, IA CEMETERIES: Union Cemetery: John G. Hartman Aug 22, 1849 - Dec 11, 1925 GAR, Pvt. Comp. B, 18th OH Inf.
John married Katherine Jane WICKHAM, daughter of Asahel Marvin "Acel" WICKHAM and Catherine Rebecca MILLSLAGLE, on 28 Mar 1873 in Clay Twp, Hardin Co, IA. (Katherine Jane WICKHAM was born on 21 Apr 1854 in Johnson Co, IA,1 died on 7 Nov 1917 in Iowa Falls, Hardin Co, IA 1 and was buried in Union Cem, Iowa Falls, Hardin Co, IA 1.)